Researching into Westerns identified that there are some very specific conventions that most Westerns appear to follow, so to narrow these down and focus our research further we decided to look mostly at Spaghetti Westerns and there were some clear codes and conventions in the camera work editing and sound, used across a range of films that we looked at.
This website was really helpful in helping us find and look at different Spaghetti Westerns Top 20 Spaghetti Westerns and also Quentin Tarantino's Top 20 favorite Spaghetti Westerns
Extreme long shots & figures in the distance
Lots of Close Up, Big Close Up and Extreme Close Ups (with stern or grimacing expressions!)
extreme long shots or long shots of show downs or confrontation
Medium Shots and Over the Shoulder Shots
Cut aways to objects in close ups